GREENE OVAL BORE 1ST BOLT ACTION UNDER HAMMER CIVIL WAR US ARMY RIFLE
Item ID #2121
This is a very unique rifle and is historically significant as it is the first bolt action adapted by US Ordnance. Manufactured made by A.H. Waters, Milbury, Massachusetts from 1859 to the early 1860s. Only about 1500 were made for the US. It is .53 caliber, single shot percussion, underhammer. The very rare "Lancaster" oval bore in the 35" barrel is bright and shiny, shows little use, and will rate an eight. The very unique action works perfectly and is smooth and tight. Base of the second Minnie ball is used for the gas seal. This very unique and historical Greene Rifle will make a great addition to any collection. The charge, in a paper packet, was 2 inches long, and contained 68 grains of powder and a Minie bullet weighing an ounce and a quarter. The wood is filled and coated with linseed oil. The hammer is case-hardened. The ramrod is bright steel; all other metal parts are blued. The inventor was Lieu't Colonel J. Durrell Greene, U. S. Army. The rifles were made in the Waters shops at Millbury, Mass. The machinery for making the oval bore rifling was purchased of Charles Lancaster, London, England, who for many years had been making oval bore rifles. The hammer is underneath the barrel and provided with a ring for pulling with the index finger. The barrel loads at the breech, bolt action. With the thumb of the right hand a release-button is first pressed. Then the bolt handle is swung upward and the bolt drawn back and a bullet dropped into the opening; then the bolt is thrust forward and the motion continued by sliding the bolt handle further forward than normal, operating an auxiliary concentric rod which shoves the bullet to the front part of the chamber. The bolt then is again drawn back to clear the chamber and a cartridge-packet having the bullet at the rear is inserted and seated by the next forward movement of the bolt. Turning the bolt handle down to the right locks the bolt by means of two lugs wedging into the standing breech. The rifle is then ready to fire, having two bullets in the chamber, the rear one serving as a gas-check.
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